A Remnant, Now Gone — Old Structures Engineering

The New York subway system seems like a mess because it is three systems, that were competing more than they were cooperating, forcibly welded together. The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (the IRT) opened the first subway in Manhattan in 1904, competing with the already well-established elevated trains; the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Company (under its old name, […]

A Remnant, Now Gone — Old Structures Engineering

A Kludge — Old Structures Engineering

Engineers want to take pride in their work, just like everybody else. We are sometimes forced by circumstances to create designs that are less than elegant – the fact that the word “kludge” was created fifty or sixth years ago to describe that kind of design suggests it may be less rare than we’d like…

A Kludge — Old Structures Engineering